Presentation

A democracy enjoys and upholds fundamental political rights such as :

The right to vote

The citizen chooses to accept, reject or abstain during voting. The choice of the majority following voting must be respected by the authorities (see sections « How to vote ?» and « next elections »

The right to elect

The elections allow the voting citizen to freely choose their representants.

Right to be elected

A voter may stand as candidate for a position attributed through election.

A voter may stand as candidate for a position attributed through election.

Right of iniatiative

Voters may put forward a total or partial modification of the federal or cantonal constitution. The may also request that the following be put to a popular vote : the adoption, modification or abolition of a cantonal law or decree, a municipal regulation or a Legislative Municipal order (see section on « Municipal initiatives »)

Right of referendum

Citizens can request a public consultation on a text adopted by the federal, cantonal or municipal parliament. (see section on « Municipal Referendums »)

The right of petition is not considered as being part of fundamental political rights as it carries less weight. This right allows one or more persons to address petitions to the autorities who must then take them into consideration and reply to them but have no obligation to act upon them.

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